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Oil / Gas Sensing & Drilling System (OGSDS)

 Final year Project (Batch 2007-2010) | Group # 37

 Electronics Engineering Department,

 Sir Syed university of Engineering & Technology (SSUET), Karachi,

 Pakistan

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About us
General Idea of Project:
As this project basically relates to detection and exploration of underground oil and gas so two different types of sensors are used here for detection of oil and gas. Oil sensor which is using right here is basically the conductivity sensor as we know underground liquids can be water or oil and there is lot of difference between the conductivity of both i.e. oil has lesser conductivity then water so by that difference we can easily differentiate between oil and other liquids. As Natural gas contains major percentage of carbon compounds so we are using here a sensor which actually senses the presence of carbon. Whenever is carbon is detected a buzzer sounds and displayed to monitoring and control center of whole process.

Relevant work about this project:
“Oil and Gas Keep the World Running”:
The products made from crude oil and natural gas really does keep the world running and improve our lifestyle and standard of living. Where would we be without these products? Oil and gas have allowed us to
• Increase the production of food
• visit and do business with countries around the world
• Heat and cool our homes, businesses, and schools
• Improve our health and defeat life-threatening diseases
• Manufacture products that make our life easier
• Move around our community and the world with ease

“ALLAH has granted Pakistan with lot of minerals including the oil but unfortunately we are just unable to explore this wealth because of the lack of the state of the art technology which is use in exploring it, as there are number of international companies which explores the oil and drill too but due to there some strict conditions and expense we are just unable to allow them to search for oil in our areas. Here we students think on this serious issue and decided to make such a project which could help in the exploration of oil.”
“This is all about, which motivated us to do so”


Benefits:
The benefits of this project are as follows:
• Hydrocarbon sensing & drilling
• Portability & Easy to handle
• Easy to take a sample of oil/gas
• Monitoring of sensing & drilling
• Monitoring of parameters temperature, depth & alarm identification
• Crude oil survey

Simulation Results:
This section presents the simulation results of the developed OGSDS. First of all, Oil sensor which is using right here is basically the conductivity sensor as we know underground liquids can be water or oil and there is lot of difference between the conductivity of both i.e. oil has lesser conductivity then water so by that difference we can easily differentiate between oil and other liquids. Assembly code is used to program the microcontroller 89c52. Assembly code is executed on Keil µVision.



We can operate this project by using GUI software, which is designed on Visual Basic. It consists of following functions.
• Temperature (in centigrade)
• Oil / Gas Indication alarm
• Base motor: (right, stop, left)
• Sensor motor: (up, stop, down)
• Drill motor: (up, stop, down)

As Natural gas contains major percentage of carbon compounds so we are using here a sensor which actually senses the presence of carbon. Whenever is carbon is detected a buzzer sounds and displayed to monitoring and control center of whole process. The Mechanical structure contains mechanical work in x and y axis simultaneously. First of all drilling bit starts drilling in y-axis after some drilling bit is moved out from hole and sensing bit is moved into hole when sensor sensed the oil it sends signal to control room and displayed.






Horizontal Motion of Mechanical bed: In horizontal motion one DC is used for right and left motion. Vertical Motion of Mechanical Motion: Two DC motors are used for up and right motion of drilling and sensing motion. Rotatory Motion: Single DC motor is used for rotation of drilling bit.

Conclusion & Future Work:
It should be clear from the above description that oil extractor has several advantages. The unit is designed to be compact, portable & light in weight. Oil products are more and more in competition with alternative sources, mainly coal and natural gas, both cheaper sources.
Future work or future enhancements are as follows:
• Make this at industrial level to sense oil/gas well on earth with long range
• Integrate sensing & drilling sections on an automatic robotic vehicle.
• It is used when appearance of oil inside the earth surface at random or different places.
• Make this project possible for exploration of gas.
 
 
 
 

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